Comparison of City between New York and Tokyo
The diverse issues presented by Tokyo's urban structure of dense development in the horizontal plane and relatively low vertical development can be studied in comparison with other international cities
Manhattan is organized in large city blocks with a highly orderly and systematic road network. Here rows of ultra high-rise structures that serve as offices, residences, hotels and other facilities line the streets. On the other hand, Tokyo consists of small blocks packed with small buildings, and presents a rather disorderly cityscape.
If Manhattan were to be described as a vertically oriented city, Tokyo would, in contrast, be aptly described as a planar city. Because land usage in central Tokyo is highly inefficient, factors such as overpopulation and the flow of industry to the suburbs has created an expansion of urban areas, resulting in a huge, sprawling metropolis.
In order to achieve more intelligent integrated land utilization and the formation of an enhanced urban environment, the construction of ultrahigh-rise structures is the most effective approach
By assembling land that has been subdivided into small parcels into a large block and then consolidating building needs in high-rise structures while exploiting man-made foundations and underground space, this approach can free a vast amount of open space at the ground level.
Through “vertical” land development that makes intelligent use of ultrahigh-rise structures as well as underground space, we can create a “compact city” that enhances the efficiency of urban infrastructure, such as rail transportation and road systems, while systematically integrating diverse urban functions, including work, residence/living, entertainment, education, and commercial/retail.
Intelligent and efficient land utilization creates not only an “eco-friendly city” with a pleasurable environment that contributes to reduced CO2 emissions and other benefits, but also a comfortable, safe and secure “sustainable city” that is resistant to earthquakes and enduring
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